Bogotá is the capital of Colombia. Its name comes from the word "Bacatá", which in the Muiscas's language means "Lady of the Andes," although some say that the real meaning is "field outside of the tillage," and others say this was the recreation city for the Zipa.
It is one of South America's highest cities above sea level, with an altitude of 2,640 meters. Bogota's famous colonial neighbourhood of La Candelaria contains most of the historic sites, museums, ancient churches and central government buildings. Practically every street corner in La Candelaria marks some important event in Colombian history, and most buildings retain their colonial architecture and charm.